Skip to main content

Full text of "The Cambridge Natural History"

See other formats

xi                                 THE SAIGA ANTELOPE                             3 f I
blackish grey, the latter browner in colour. In C. maria and one 01
two other species the horns are more curved backwards and again
forwards than in some of the others, where their form is sublyrate.
The ReedhuckSj Cervir.apra,         closely allied to Cobus; they
are, however, of smaller size. Here, as in that genus, the females
are hornless* and the liorns of the males are of aiedram size.
Five species are referred to the genus. They are all of a
brownish, fawn colour. A genus Pelea, with "but one species^ P.
caprcolns, lias been separated on account of the fact that the
horns are nearly straight and that there is no naked patch ol
skin beneath the ears. This animal lias received its name on
account of its resemblance to the Roebuck.
The Antilopine section includes a number of genera.
The genus An if tope is Indian in range. It inclmdes but one
species. -4. cerricMitra. This Antelope is of medium size, with, a
m*twn pelage getting blacker with years : it is thus known as the
Black-buek. The female, which is hornless, is lighter brown. The
liorns are long, spirally twisted, and closely ringed.
it'LepyeeroS) with two species, is African. The Pulla (^e\ wiclcttn-
pus) is a large Antelope, with longish lyrate horns la the male,
which are half-ringed.
The Saiga Antelope, genus Saiga, is one of the most remark-
able types of Antelope in Its outward appearance. Its nose
is very large and inflated, the two nostrils being quite widely
separated, a depression indeed lying between them dorsally.
The horns are lyrate in the male, absent in the female. The
" ovine expression " of this bovine animal is more pronounced in
the female. Corresponding with the clumsy nose are very short
nostrils, the commencement of the narial aperture being therefore
very far back. It is almost suggestive of Macra.uehenia in this
respect. The fleece is also Sheep-like. The genus occurred in this
country during the Pleistocene. It is now an inhabitant of Eastern
Europe and Western Asia. The only species is S. tartarica.
The Ghiru, Pantholopa, is allied to the Saiga. The horns of the
male are long and nearly straight; they are ringed in front. The
muzzle is swollen in the male ; the nostrils are large* and provided
with extensive sacs internally. The colour of this animal, which
is exclusively Thibetan in range, is a pale fawn. The hair, in
accord with its habitat, is very woolly. No living specimens have
ever been brought to Europe. This creature has aocctiBiilated much